For latte, we start with twice as much milk as espresso. The milk is then heated (but not frothed) to 150-160 degrees Fahrenheit (but not hotter) The hot milk and espresso are then poured together into a serving cup. Whatever microfoam had formed in the steaming process is poured over the top of the latte. Latte -- also referred to as Caffe Latte , which is an Italian term that means "milk coffee" -- is all about having a smooth, silky microfoam.The texture of the foam on a latte is very important and is what gives this coffee drink its distinct look and mouthfeel. Lattes are well known for having art carefully swirled into the foam on top of them, but as long as a drink has the appropriate ratio of milk to coffee, it can rightfully be called a latte. Lattes originated in Europe where they're still very popular drinks, especially at breakfast time. The French cafe au lait is a similar drink. Lattes started to gain popularity in the United States around the mid-1900s.


Normal "American coffee" is brewed by mixing the grounds of roasted coffee beans with hot water, allowing the mixture to steep briefly, and then straining out the coffee grounds.


For cappuccino, we start with equal portions of espresso and milk. The milk is then "frothed" (in a special frothing pitcher) into a microfoam that is roughly double the original volume of the milk. The microfoam is then poured over the espresso. (If the espresso is poured into the microfoam, then the drink is called a "latte macchiato.") Cappuccino is a classic drink from Italy that is known for its frothy top. Lovers of coffee art often order a cappuccino because their foam typically has the most elaborate designs swirled on top. It's also common to see cappuccino with a fine dusting of chocolate powder or cinnamon on it.


The Macchiato, also known as the Caffe Macchiato or Espresso Macchiato, has a bolder flavor than many other coffee drinks.  It's comprised of a small amount of milk with a lot of espresso. Rather than thinking of ratios, it's easier to view the macchiatto as an espresso with a spot of milk in it. In fact, the word "macchiato" means "spotted" in Italian. In Portugal, the macchiato is referred to as "cafe pingado", or "coffee with a drop". If you like your coffee to be strongly flavored, this drink is right up your alley. Macchiato can have foam on it, but it's usually a small layer of microfoam to allow the taste of the espresso to shine. Using high quality espresso beans in macchiato is essential, as it's the primary flavor of the drink.


Mocha , Also called Caffe Mocha or Mocaccino,  is a chocolate lover's delight. This coffee drink combines espresso with hot milk and chocolate and is a variant of the latte. The espresso to milk ratio of a mocha is about the same as a latte, but the addition of white, milk or dark chocolate to the drink is essential.  While some mocha drinks are served with foam on top, whipped cream is more typical, as is a dusting of cinnamon or cocoa powder. Some people even like marshmallows on top of their mocha, which makes it reminiscent of a hot chocolate.


Frappe or  Frappuccino is a blended coffee beverage which is iced or chilled cappuccino that may be topped with whipped cream. It generally consists of espresso coffee, milk, sugar, ice, whipped cream and other sweeteners.


For espresso, the coffee grounds are compressed into a dense "puck" of coffee. Then hot water (about 195-200 degrees Fahrenheit, but not boiling) is forced through the puck under high pressure , to produce an extraction which we call "espresso." The grind needs to be fine enough to create a dense puck so that the pressure can be maintained during the extraction. The resulting extraction, espresso, has a much more intense flavor than regular coffee.  Italians refer to this coffee drink consisting of simply the expressed oils from the ground coffee beans via an espresso coffee machine as - espresso